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 Frilled shark (Chlamydoselachus anguineus)

  Index
> Photo
> Range Map
> Systematics
> Name
> Appearance
> Coloration
> Distribution
> Biology
> Feeding
> Size
> Reproduction
> Similar Species
> Endangerment
> Danger to Humans

 Photo

Frilled shark
© Rudi Kuiter / SeaPics
 Range Map

Earth Map


 Systematics

Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Frilled and cow sharks (Hexanchiformes)
    Family: Frilled sharks (Chlamydoselachidae)
      Genus: Chlamydoselachus (Chlamydoselachus)


 Name

Scientific: Chlamydoselachus anguineus
German: Krausenhai
English: Frilled shark, Lizard shark, Scaffold shark
French: Requin lezard
Spanish: Tiburón anguila


 Appearance

Eel-like shark with 6 gill slits, the lower ends of the first slits are nearly connected to each other across the throat. Snout extremely short with a terminal mouth. One dorsal fin.

 Coloration

Dark brown.

 Distribution

Wide-ranging with patchy distribution. Eastern Atlantic: Norway, Scotland, Bay of Biscay, Portugal, Spain, Morocco, Mauretania, Madeira, Angola, Namibia and South Africa. Western Pacific: Japan, Australia. Eastern Pacific: Southern California, northern Chile.

 Biology

A more bottom-oriented species (benthic) of the outer continental shelves, at depths between 120 m and 1300 m. Sometimes found at the surface too.

 Feeding

Feeds on bony fishes and small sharks.

 Size

Maximum size about 200 cm, average size about 150 cm to 170 cm.

 Reproduction

Aplacental viviparous (ovoviviparous). 8 to 12 pups per litter. Size at birth about 40 cm. Males reach sexual maturity at 95 cm, females at 135 cm.

 Similar Species

No similar species.

 Endangerment

Status in the IUCN Red List(Version 2001):

Main criterion: > NT (Near Threatened)
Sub criterion:
Trend: Unknown


 Danger to Humans

Harmless.



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