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 Bramble shark (Echinorhinus brucus)

  Index
> Photo
> Range Map
> Systematics
> Name
> Appearance
> Coloration
> Distribution
> Biology
> Feeding
> Size
> Reproduction
> Similar Species
> Endangerment
> Danger to Humans

 Photo

Bramble shark
No image of Bramble shark found in the Shark Database
 Range Map

Earth Map


 Systematics

Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Dogfish sharks (Squaliformes)
    Family: Bramble sharks (Echinorhinidae)
      Genus: Echinorhinus (Echinorhinus)


 Name

Scientific: Echinorhinus brucus
German: Nagelhai
English: Bramble shark, Spiny shark, Prickle shark, Alligator shark
French: Squale boucle
Spanish: Tiburón de clavos


 Appearance

Scattered thornlike denticles on distributed on body and fins. Both dorsal fins far back. The origin of the first one is behind the origin of the pelvic fins. No anal fin.

 Coloration

Grey to black.

 Distribution

Western Atlantic: Massachusetts to Virginia. Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: Scotland, England to Ivory Coast. North Sea, Mediterranean, South Africa. Western Indian Ocean: southern Mozambique, India. Western Pacific: Japan, Australia, New Zealand.

 Biology

Sluggish, bottom-living shark. Primarily a deepwater species found over continental and insular shelves and upper slopes down to 900 m.

 Feeding

Fishes, small sharks, and crabs.

 Size

Maximum total length about 310 cm, average size between 200 cm and 250 cm.

 Reproduction

Aplacental viviparous (ovoviviparous). 15 to 24 pups per litter. Size at birth varies, between 30 cm and 90 cm. Males reach sexual maturity between 150 cm and 170 cm, females between 215 cm and 230 cm.

 Similar Species

Similar to the Prickly shark but that species has much smaller denticles.

 Endangerment

Status in the IUCN Red List(Version 2001):

Main criterion: > DD (Data Deficient)
Sub criterion:
Trend: Unknown


 Danger to Humans

Harmless.



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