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 Zebra shark (Stegostoma fasciatum)

  Index
> Photo
> Range Map
> Systematics
> Name
> Appearance
> Coloration
> Distribution
> Biology
> Feeding
> Size
> Reproduction
> Similar Species
> Endangerment
> Danger to Humans

 Photo

Zebra shark
© Unknown
 Range Map

Earth Map


 Systematics

Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Carpetsharks (Orectolobiformes)
    Family: Zebra sharks (Stegostomatidae)
      Genus: Stegostoma (Stegostoma)


 Name

Scientific: Stegostoma fasciatum
German: Zebrahai
English: Zebra shark, Monkey-mouthed shark, Leopard shark
French: Requin zebra
Spanish: Tiburón acebrado


 Appearance

Cylindrical body with prominent ridges on the sides. Tail as along as the rest of body, very low. Head broad, small barbels, and transverse mouth in front of the eyes. Spiracles very big (as large as eyes). Both dorsal fins back to back, whereas the first one is much bigger. Origin of first dorsal fin behind the free rear ends of pectorals, insertion of first dorsal fin above bases of pelvic fins. Second dorsal fin about as large as anal fin.

 Coloration

Greyish brown over entire body, with dark spots in adults. Juveniles with dark saddles, giving more the impression of a dark basic color, with light stripes and spots.

 Distribution

Indo-Western Pacific: South Africa to Red Sea and Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, China, Japan, Australia, New Caledonia, Palau.

 Biology

Lives over the continental and insular shelves. Very common around coral reefs, but little is known about its biology. It is known that this species props up its pectorals in the sand and faces the current with open mouth. Such behavior and its inactivity during the day points towards a more sluggish life style.

 Feeding

Feeds primarily on snails and shells (molluscs), but also on crabs, shrimps and small bony fishes.

 Size

Maximum size about 350 cm, average size between 250 and 300 cm.

 Reproduction

Egg laying (oviparous). Egg cases are large (17 cm long, 8 cm wide, 5 cm thick). Unknown if the female lays more than one egg at a time, but it is most likely. Hatch size between 20 and 36 cm. Males reach sexual maturity between about 150 and 180 cm, females around 170 cm.

 Similar Species

None.

 Endangerment

Status in the IUCN Red List(Version 2001):

Main criterion: > VU (Vulnerable)
Sub criterion: A2abcd A3cd Aabcd
Trend: Declining


 Danger to Humans

Harmless.



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