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 Blackmouth catshark (Galeus melastomus)

  Index
> Photo
> Range Map
> Systematics
> Name
> Appearance
> Coloration
> Distribution
> Biology
> Feeding
> Size
> Reproduction
> Similar Species
> Endangerment
> Danger to Humans

 Photo

Blackmouth catshark
No image of Blackmouth catshark found in the Shark Database
 Range Map

Earth Map


 Systematics

Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Ground sharks (Carcharhiniformes)
    Family: Catsharks (Scyliorhinidae)
      Genus: Galeus (Galeus)


 Name

Scientific: Galeus melastomus
German: Fleckhai
English: Blackmouth catshark, Blackmouth dogfish
French: Chien espagnol
Spanish: Pintarroja bocanegra


 Appearance

Very slender body with a long anal fin. Two small dorsal fins. Origin of first dorsal fin over the free ends of the pelvic fins.

 Coloration

Different shaped saddles, dark spots over the entire body and fins. Tips of dorsal fins and caudal fin white. Dark colored around mouth.

 Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: Faroe Islands, Norway to Senegal. Mediterranean.

 Biology

Common in deep water, close to bottom. Lives preferably on the upper slopes between 200 m and 500 m, down to 1000 m. Some individuals may be found in shallower areas (up to 50 m).

 Feeding

Bottom-living invertebrates, small fishes.

 Size

Average size between 60 cm and 80 cm. Maximum total length about 90 cm.

 Reproduction

Oviparous (egg laying). Up to 13 pups per litter. Males reach sexual maturity with a size of 35 cm to 40 cm, females between 40 cm and 45 cm.

 Similar Species

Some species of the same genus have a similar appearance but the long anal fin is very distinctive.

 Endangerment

Status in the IUCN Red List:


No Entry found in Red List.


 Danger to Humans

Harmless.



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