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 Barbeled houndshark (Leptocharias smithii)

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Barbeled houndshark
No image of Barbeled houndshark found in the Shark Database
 Range Map

Earth Map


Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Ground sharks (Carcharhiniformes)
    Family: Barbelled houndsharks (Leptochariidae)
      Genus: Leptocharias (Leptocharias)


Scientific: Leptocharias smithii
German: Bartel-Glatthai
English: Barbeled houndshark
French: Emissole barbue
Spanish: Tiburón barbudo


Slender shark with horizontally oval eyes. Nostrils with barbels, relatively long mouth (distance between mouth corner and midpoint of jaws). Two unequal-sized dorsal fins. The origin of the first and bigger dorsal fin is behind the free ends of the pectoral fins. The second dorsal fin is opposite the anal fin.


Light grey to grey-brown with lighter ventral surface.


Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola, possibly Morocco and Mediterranean.


Close to or at bottom between 10 m and 75 m. Sometimes abundant around river mouths. Prefers muddy bottom. Active lifestyle.


Different fish species, crustaceans (crabs).


Average size between 50 cm and 70 cm, total maximum length about 80 cm.


Viviparous (gives birth to live young). Litter size less than 10 pups. Gestation period about 4 months. Males reach sexual maturity at about 55 cm to 60 cm, females at about 55 cm. Sexual dimorphism in jaws structure present. Males possess enlarged teeth in front area, probably used to hold the females when mating.

 Similar Species

Some species have a similar appearance and taxonomic features have to be used to clearly distinguish between them.


Status in the IUCN Red List(1994):

Main criterion: > LR/nt (Low Risk/Near Threatened (1994))
Sub criterion:
Trend: Unknown

 Danger to Humans


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