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 Barbeled houndshark (Leptocharias smithii)

  Index
> Photo
> Range Map
> Systematics
> Name
> Appearance
> Coloration
> Distribution
> Biology
> Feeding
> Size
> Reproduction
> Similar Species
> Endangerment
> Danger to Humans

 Photo

Barbeled houndshark
No image of Barbeled houndshark found in the Shark Database
 Range Map

Earth Map


 Systematics

Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Ground sharks (Carcharhiniformes)
    Family: Barbelled houndsharks (Leptochariidae)
      Genus: Leptocharias (Leptocharias)


 Name

Scientific: Leptocharias smithii
German: Bartel-Glatthai
English: Barbeled houndshark
French: Emissole barbue
Spanish: Tiburón barbudo


 Appearance

Slender shark with horizontally oval eyes. Nostrils with barbels, relatively long mouth (distance between mouth corner and midpoint of jaws). Two unequal-sized dorsal fins. The origin of the first and bigger dorsal fin is behind the free ends of the pectoral fins. The second dorsal fin is opposite the anal fin.

 Coloration

Light grey to grey-brown with lighter ventral surface.

 Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola, possibly Morocco and Mediterranean.

 Biology

Close to or at bottom between 10 m and 75 m. Sometimes abundant around river mouths. Prefers muddy bottom. Active lifestyle.

 Feeding

Different fish species, crustaceans (crabs).

 Size

Average size between 50 cm and 70 cm, total maximum length about 80 cm.

 Reproduction

Viviparous (gives birth to live young). Litter size less than 10 pups. Gestation period about 4 months. Males reach sexual maturity at about 55 cm to 60 cm, females at about 55 cm. Sexual dimorphism in jaws structure present. Males possess enlarged teeth in front area, probably used to hold the females when mating.

 Similar Species

Some species have a similar appearance and taxonomic features have to be used to clearly distinguish between them.

 Endangerment

Status in the IUCN Red List(1994):

Main criterion: > LR/nt (Low Risk/Near Threatened (1994))
Sub criterion:
Trend: Unknown


 Danger to Humans

Harmless.



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