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 Smallmouth velvet dogfish (Scymnodon obscurus)

  Index
> Photo
> Range Map
> Systematics
> Name
> Appearance
> Coloration
> Distribution
> Biology
> Feeding
> Size
> Reproduction
> Similar Species
> Endangerment
> Danger to Humans

 Photo

Smallmouth velvet dogfish
No image of Smallmouth velvet dogfish found in the Shark Database
 Range Map

Earth Map


 Systematics

Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Dogfish sharks (Squaliformes)
    Family: Dogfish sharks (Squalidae)
      Genus: Scymnodon (Scymnodon)


 Name

Scientific: Scymnodon obscurus
German: Kleinmaulsamthai
English: Smallmouth velvet dogfish
French: Squale-grogneur a queue echancree
Spanish: Bruja bocachica


 Appearance

Small shark, with a moderately long, pointed and flattened snout. Narrow pectoral fins. Dorsal fins with minute, grooved spines. Origin of first dorsal fin over or at the end of the free rear ends of the pectoral fins. Pelvic fins about the size of the second dorsal fin. Spiracles present. Caudal fin with strong subterminal notch and a short lower lobe.

 Coloration

Blackish brown or dark brown, no conspicuous markings.

 Distribution

Western Atlantic: Northern Gulf of Mexico, Surinam; southern Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Iceland to Madeira, Morocco, Cape Verde Islands, Senegal. Indian Ocean: South Africa.

 Biology

A little-known deepwater species that can be found close to or at the bottom usually between 500 m and 1400 m depth. Maximum range between surface and about 2000 m.

 Feeding

Feeds on bottom fishes and invertebrates.

 Size

Average size about 50 cm, maximum size about 60+cm.

 Reproduction

Aplacental viviparous (ovoviviparous).

 Similar Species

Similar species exist, taxonomic features have to be used to identify the different species.

 Endangerment

Status in the IUCN Red List:


No Entry found in Red List.


 Danger to Humans

Harmless.



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