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 Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus)

  Index
> Photo
> Range Map
> Systematics
> Name
> Appearance
> Coloration
> Distribution
> Biology
> Feeding
> Size
> Reproduction
> Similar Species
> Endangerment
> Danger to Humans

 Photo

Greenland shark
No image of Greenland shark found in the Shark Database
 Range Map

Earth Map


 Systematics

Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Dogfish sharks (Squaliformes)
    Family: Dogfish sharks (Squalidae)
      Genus: Somniosus (Somniosus)


 Name

Scientific: Somniosus microcephalus
German: Grönlandhai
English: Greenland shark
French: Laimargue du Groenland
Spanish: Tollo de Groenlandia


 Appearance

Heavy cylindrical body, short rounded snout. Two spineless, equal-sized, small dorsal fins. First dorsal fin slightly closer to pelvic fins than pectorals. Small pectoral fins. No anal fin, no keels on base of caudal fin.

 Coloration

Grey to blackish, no conspicuous markings.

 Distribution

Western Atlantic: Northern areas and Arctic. Cape Cod to Gulf of Maine and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Greenland, Iceland. Eastern Atlantic: Spitzbergen, Norway, North Sea, France and possibly Portugal. South Atlantic and Antarctic: South Africa, Kerguelen Island.

 Biology

Abundant. A littoral and epibenthic species of the continental and insular shelves and the upper slopes found down to at least 1200 m. It may move into shallower water during spring and summer times. Prefered water temperatures range from 0.6 to 12°C.

 Feeding

Fishes, such as herrings, eels, salmon and others.

 Size

Average size between 240 cm and 420 cm, total maximum length at least 640 cm. It is the largest shark species in artic and antarctic waters.

 Reproduction

Aplacental viviparous (ovoviviparous). Up to about 10 pups per litter.

 Similar Species

Greenland shark .

 Endangerment

Status in the IUCN Red List:


No Entry found in Red List.


 Danger to Humans

Harmless.



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