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 Sand devil (Squatina dumeril)

  Index
> Photo
> Range Map
> Systematics
> Name
> Appearance
> Coloration
> Distribution
> Biology
> Feeding
> Size
> Reproduction
> Similar Species
> Endangerment
> Danger to Humans

 Photo

Sand devil
No image of Sand devil found in the Shark Database
 Range Map

Earth Map


 Systematics

Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Angelsharks (Squatiniformes)
    Family: Angelsharks (Squatinidae)
      Genus: Squatina (Squatina)


 Name

Scientific: Squatina dumeril
German: Atlantischer Engelshai
English: Sand devil, Atlantic angel shark
French: Ange de mer de sable
Spanish: Tiburón angel


 Appearance

Bizarre-shaped shark. Flattened, ray-like form with free anterior pectoral lobes lateral to the gills. Eyes on dorsal surface, very big spiracles. Terminal mouth. Both dorsal fins are on caudal peduncle. Lower lobe of caudal fin is longer than the upper one.

 Coloration

Uniformly light beige, no ocelli (dark dots).

 Distribution

Western Atlantic: Massachusetts to Florida Keys, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean.

 Biology

Bottom-dweller, often in shallow water and buried in sand or mud. Found over the continental shelf and slope. A poorly known species.

 Feeding

Molluscs, crustaceans, flounders, rays, bottom-dwelling fishes.

 Size

Average size around 100 cm and 10 kg, maximum total length about 155 cm and 27kg.

 Reproduction

Aplacental viviparous (ovoviviparous). Up to 16 pups per litter. Births seem to take place in spring and early summer.

 Similar Species

Other angelsharks have a similar appearance and taxonomic features have to be used to clearly distinguish.

 Endangerment

Status in the IUCN Red List:


No Entry found in Red List.


 Danger to Humans

Harmless.



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