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 Epaulette shark (Hemiscyllium ocellatum)

  Index
> Photo
> Range Map
> Systematics
> Name
> Appearance
> Coloration
> Distribution
> Biology
> Feeding
> Size
> Reproduction
> Similar Species
> Endangerment
> Danger to Humans

 Photo

Epaulette shark
© Doug Perrine / SeaPics
 Range Map

Earth Map


 Systematics

Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Carpetsharks (Orectolobiformes)
    Family: Bamboosharks (Hemiscyllidae)
      Genus: Hemiscyllium (Hemiscyllium)


 Name

Scientific: Hemiscyllium ocellatum
German: Epaulettenhai
English: Epaulette shark
French: Requin-chabot ocelle
Spanish: Bamboa ocelada


 Appearance

Long, slender body with an elongated, thick peduncle. Mouth well in front of eyes, spiracles below and behind eyes. Snout slightly "swollen" and elongated. Both dorsal fins of nearly equal size. Origin of first dorsal fin behind insertion of pelvic fin. Anal fin ends right at caudal fin.

 Coloration

Scattered large dark spots, not close together and not forming a light reticular pattern with the background. Above the pectoral fins there is a very large black spot that is surrounded by a white ocellus but no surrounding black dots. No dark "hood" at the head, no dark crossbands on ventral surface of tail.

 Distribution

Western South Pacific: New Guinea, Australia.

 Biology

Abundant, lives close to coral reefs in shallow waters, often seen in tidepools. This species is able to "crawl" and "climb" on the bottom.

 Feeding

Probably invertebrates.

 Size

Maximum size about 105 cm, average size between 70 and 90 cm.

 Reproduction

Egg laying (oviparous).

 Similar Species

Other "epaulette sharks" have a similar appearance but the color pattern of the described species is distinctive.

 Endangerment

Status in the IUCN Red List:


No Entry found in Red List.


 Danger to Humans

Harmless



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