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 Bramble shark (Echinorhinus brucus)

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Bramble shark
No image of Bramble shark found in the Shark Database
 Range Map

Earth Map


Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Dogfish sharks (Squaliformes)
    Family: Bramble sharks (Echinorhinidae)
      Genus: Echinorhinus (Echinorhinus)


Scientific: Echinorhinus brucus
German: Nagelhai
English: Bramble shark, Spiny shark, Prickle shark, Alligator shark
French: Squale boucle
Spanish: Tiburón de clavos


Scattered thornlike denticles on distributed on body and fins. Both dorsal fins far back. The origin of the first one is behind the origin of the pelvic fins. No anal fin.


Grey to black.


Western Atlantic: Massachusetts to Virginia. Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: Scotland, England to Ivory Coast. North Sea, Mediterranean, South Africa. Western Indian Ocean: southern Mozambique, India. Western Pacific: Japan, Australia, New Zealand.


Sluggish, bottom-living shark. Primarily a deepwater species found over continental and insular shelves and upper slopes down to 900 m.


Fishes, small sharks, and crabs.


Maximum total length about 310 cm, average size between 200 cm and 250 cm.


Aplacental viviparous (ovoviviparous). 15 to 24 pups per litter. Size at birth varies, between 30 cm and 90 cm. Males reach sexual maturity between 150 cm and 170 cm, females between 215 cm and 230 cm.

 Similar Species

Similar to the Prickly shark but that species has much smaller denticles.


Status in the IUCN Red List(Version 2001):

Main criterion: > DD (Data Deficient)
Sub criterion:
Trend: Unknown

 Danger to Humans


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