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 Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus)

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Ganges shark
No image of Ganges shark found in the Shark Database
 Range Map

Earth Map


Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Ground sharks (Carcharhiniformes)
    Family: Requiem sharks (Carcharhinidae)
      Genus: Glyphis (Glyphis)


Scientific: Glyphis gangeticus
German: Gangeshai
English: Ganges shark
French: Requin du Ganges
Spanish: Tiburón del Ganges


Appearance of a typical requiem shark. Stocky. Broadly rounded snout, with small eyes. First doral fin over the last third of the pectoral fins, with a free rear tip that is well in front of the pelvic fins. Second dorsal fin is much smaller than the first one but still relatively large. Anal fin is slightly smaller than the second dorsal fin. Pectoral fins broad and falcate. Longitudinal upper precaudal pit. No interdorsal ridge.


Grey to brownish, no color pattern.


Indo-Western Pacific: Hooghly River, Ganges River system, West Bengal, India. Possibly in the vicinity of Karachi and Pakistan too.


A little-known species, lives in freshwater, inshore marine and estuarine systems.




Maximum size probably up to 200 cm.


Probably viviparous. Size at birth about 55 cm to 60 cm.

 Similar Species

Speartooth shark that however has another distribution.


Status in the IUCN Red List(1994):

Main criterion: > CR (Critically Endangered)
Sub criterion: A1cde A2cde C2b
Trend: Unknown

 Danger to Humans

Seems to be very dangerous, but this is not proven.

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