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 Scoophead (Sphyrna media)

  Index
> Photo
> Range Map
> Systematics
> Name
> Appearance
> Coloration
> Distribution
> Biology
> Feeding
> Size
> Reproduction
> Similar Species
> Endangerment
> Danger to Humans

 Photo

Scoophead
No image of Scoophead found in the Shark Database
 Range Map

Earth Map


 Systematics

Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Ground sharks (Carcharhiniformes)
    Family: Bonnethead sharks (Sphyrnidae)
      Genus: Sphyrna (Sphyrna)


 Name

Scientific: Sphyrna media
German: Löffelkopf-Hammerhai
English: Scoophead
French: Requin-marteau ecope
Spanish: Cornuda cuchara


 Appearance

Small, with moderately broad and anteriorly arched hammer (mallet- shaped head), weak medial and lateral indentations on its anterior edge and transverse posterior margins. First dorsal fin falcate with the free rear tip ends over the pelvic origins. Origin of first dorsal fin over the inner margins of the pectoral fins. Second dorsal fin moderately high, not reaching the caudal fin with its free rear end. Precaudal pit present.

 Coloration

Grey-brown with white ventral surface.

 Distribution

Western Atlantic: Panama to southern Brazil. Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Equador, possibly northern Peru.

 Biology

A little-known species of the continental shelf region.

 Feeding

Fishes.

 Size

Averages size between 120 cm and 130 cm, maximum total length about 150 cm.

 Reproduction

Viviparous, with yolksac-placenta (gives birth to live young). Size at birth between 30 cm and 35 cm. Males reach sexual maturity at about 90 cm, females between 100 cm and 130 cm.

 Similar Species

Other hammerheads have a similar appearance and taxonomic features have to be used to clearly distinguish among them.

 Endangerment

Status in the IUCN Red List:


No Entry found in Red List.


 Danger to Humans

Harmless.



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